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Tighter Abstract Queries in Neural Network Verification

20 pagesPublished: June 3, 2023


Neural networks have become critical components of reactive systems in various do- mains within computer science. Despite their excellent performance, using neural networks entails numerous risks that stem from our lack of ability to understand and reason about their behavior. Due to these risks, various formal methods have been proposed for verify- ing neural networks; but unfortunately, these typically struggle with scalability barriers. Recent attempts have demonstrated that abstraction-refinement approaches could play a significant role in mitigating these limitations; but these approaches can often produce net- works that are so abstract, that they become unsuitable for verification. To deal with this issue, we present CEGARETTE, a novel verification mechanism where both the system and the property are abstracted and refined simultaneously. We observe that this approach allows us to produce abstract networks which are both small and sufficiently accurate, allowing for quick verification times while avoiding a large number of refinement steps. For evaluation purposes, we implemented CEGARETTE as an extension to the recently proposed CEGAR-NN framework. Our results are highly promising, and demonstrate a significant improvement in performance over multiple benchmarks.

Keyphrases: abstraction refinement, CEGAR, neural networks, verification

In: Ruzica Piskac and Andrei Voronkov (editors). Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning, vol 94, pages 124--143

BibTeX entry
  author    = {Elazar Cohen and Yizhak Yisrael Elboher and Clark Barrett and Guy Katz},
  title     = {Tighter Abstract Queries in Neural Network Verification},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of 24th International Conference on Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence and Reasoning},
  editor    = {Ruzica Piskac and Andrei Voronkov},
  series    = {EPiC Series in Computing},
  volume    = {94},
  pages     = {124--143},
  year      = {2023},
  publisher = {EasyChair},
  bibsource = {EasyChair,},
  issn      = {2398-7340},
  url       = {},
  doi       = {10.29007/3mk7}}
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