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Deep BOO! Automating Beam Orientation Optimization in Radiation Therapy.

EasyChair Preprint no. 744, version 2

Versions: 12history
16 pagesDate: February 10, 2019


Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) is a method for treating cancers by aiming radiation to cancer tumor while minimizing radiation to organs-at-risk. % from a robot's tool frame. 
Usually, radiation is aimed from a particle accelerator, mounted on a robot manipulator. Computationally finding the correct treatment plan for a target volume is often an exhaustive combinatorial search problem, and traditional optimization methods have not yielded real-time feasible results. Aiming to automate the beam orientation and intensity-modulation process, we introduce a novel set of techniques leveraging (i) pattern recognition, (ii) monte carlo evaluations, (iii) game theory, and (iv)  neuro-dynamic programming. We optimize a deep neural network policy that guides Monte Carlo simulations of promising beamlets.  Seeking a saddle equilibrium, we let  two fictitious neural network players,  within a zero-sum Markov game framework, alternatingly play a best response to their opponent's mixed strategy profile. % during episodes of a two-player Markov decision game.  During inference, the optimized policy predicts feasible beam angles on test target volumes. This work merges the beam orientation and fluence map optimization subproblems in IMRT sequential treatment planning system into one pipeline. We formally introduce our approach, and present numerical results for coplanar beam angles on prostate cases. 

Keyphrases: computational biology, human-robot interaction, machine learning, Medical & Surgical Robots, Optimization and Optimal Control

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Olalekan Ogunmolu and Michael Folkerts and Dan Nguyen and Nicholas Gans and Steve Jiang},
  title = {Deep BOO! Automating Beam Orientation Optimization in Radiation Therapy.},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 744},
  doi = {10.29007/nhvl},
  year = {EasyChair, 2019}}
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